Last week, South Korean President Yoon Suk-yeol was in Madrid to attend the NATO summit.
During which, NATO leaders adopted a new strategic concept meant to act as a blueprint of the military alliance's priorities for the next 10 years, which targets rising threats from Russia and China.
The concept states that Russia poses "the most significant and direct threat" to the alliance's security and says that China's "coercive policies" challenge its "interests, security and values."
South Korea's participation in the summit is seen as its tacit endorsement of NATO's direction regarding Russia and China.
But considering China is one of South Korea's core trading partners, how will Seoul-Beijing ties unfold in the aftermath of the summit?
For this we are joined in the studio by Dr. Kim Yang-gyu,Principal Researcher at the East Asia Institute.Amd via Zoom, we haveSusanne Weigelin-Schwiedrzik ( ), Professor Emeritus for Sinology at University of Vienna.
Thank you both for joining us.
So let's start with Dr. Kim,
1. (KIM)So let's start with Dr. Kim,How would you assess President Yoon's attendance at the NATO summit?
2. (SUSANNE) Now to Professor ( ), Considering the current international circumstances, what significance did you think the latest NATO summit has? And which aspects caught your attention?
3. (KIM) Dr. Kim, NATO member states have labelled China a "systemic challenge" and Russia as a "direct threat" to its alliance and security.
There is no doubt that such a label has been chosen with Russia considering its past relationship with NATO and its recent invasion of Ukraine, but for China, it seems like this is the first time it has been given this sort of label. What do they actually mean by "systemic challenge?"
4. (SUSANNE) Professor ( ), How was NATOs ties with China up until recently? Why do you think NATO has heightened its checks on China at this years summit? Why now?
5. (KIM) Dr. Kim, how do you assess the latest developments in terms of the global international landscape? Some say that we are now in the midst of a turning point in global diplomacy. How do you see things?
6. (KIM) Dr. Kim, last week marked 25 years since Hong Kong was handed over to China from Britain.
Considering the relationship of NATO and Beijing post summit, how do you think Hong Kong's freedom could play a role in their future relations?
7. (SUSANNE) So Russia and China have been grouped and now theyre divided with NATO and its allies. Last week I spoke with some experts in the field and they said that the current situation could lead to a Cold War-style relationship between Chinas group and NATOs. Professor ( ) Do you agree? How could the situation unfold?
8. (SUSANNE) Professor, for the case of China, it had been expressing regret over President Yoons participation at NATO, do you expect Beijing to make a retaliatory move?
9. (KIM) Dr. Kim, South Korea has been a close ally of the U.S. in terms of security and China in terms of trade and economic activities.
The two had been very important and the nation has made sure it hasn't turned its back on both sides in the past. How do you think the nation should push forward with its diplomacy?
10. (SUSANNE) How about you Professor ( )? How do you suggest South Korea should deal with its diplomacy with China and the U.S. considering Washington is a crucial security ally and China, a core trade partner.
Alright, thank you both for your insights and for your time, we appreciate it.