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[IN-DEPTH] S. Korean President Yoon Suk-yeol heads to Spain to attend NATO summit Updated: 2022-06-27 17:27:24 KST

The past week was full of diplomatic activities across the globe.
There was the BRICS summit, the G7 summit and now we're awaiting the NATO summit set for later this week.
South Korea's very own President Yoon Suk-yeol is heading to Spain to attend the NATO summit for the first time for the nation's President set for later this week.
Just like South Korea, other non-member countries including Japan, Australia and New Zealand will also attend.

For more on what will be on the agenda and the future diplomatic landscape amid this series of summits, we are joined via Skype by Kim Young-jun, Professor of National Security College at the Korea National Defense University.
Good evening, Professor.

1. Starting with NATO, China has recently expressed opposition to this claiming that countries in the Asia Pacific region are not a part of the North Atlantic area.
Considering China remains a major trading partner of Korea, and that Washington is a crucial ally, how should South Korea work with its diplomacy with China?

2. On the sidelines of the NATO summit, there'll also be a trilateral summit between South Korea, the U.S. and Japan. This will mark the first of its kind in nearly 5 years. There's speculation that the security issue of the Korean Peninsula will be on the agenda.
What outcome do you expect from the discussions?

3. North Korea has criticized the trilateral cooperation between Seoul, Washington and Tokyo and vowed to deal with any type of oppression with a power-for-power approach. What do they mean by this? Could they be talking about a 7th nuclear test?

4. At the BRICS meeting last week, aside from member states, China had invited leaders of 13 countries, seen to be Beijing's push to expand the five-member bloc.
These include Algeria, Argentina, Indonesia, and Malaysia.
Now, with tensions heightening with Western countries due to the war in Ukraine, Russia and China are seemingly working to expand the BRICS bloc. How do you gauge the possibility of the 13 countries cooperating with the BRICS in the future? And what could happen if they form the so-called "BRICS plus"?

5. The G7 meeting kicked off, and through the meeting as well as the NATO summit, the U.S. and Europe are expected to seek to strengthen cooperation to pressure Russia in to stopping the Ukraine war.
Now, with the latest situation, it seems that the division between the U.S. and Europe versus China and Russia could become even more evident. How do you picture the situation?

6. World powers have already imposed an array of sanctions against Russia over its invasion of Ukraine. A few days ago, leaders of G7 say that they will impose new sanctions aimed at banning gold imports from Russia. Do you think it would be effective in pressing Moscow to put an end to the war?

Thank you for your insights.
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