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KCTV: Jeju's Seogwipo Formation & Cheonjiyeon Waterfall Updated: 2009-09-16 00:00:00 KST

The Seogwipo Formation consists of layers of volcanic ash that were built up over hundreds of thousands of years.
It stretches along the west coast of Seogwipo Harbor for about one-and-a-half kilometers.
The structure has an abundance of fossils of turban shells and sea urchins, along with coral debris and whale bones.
According to one academic study, the site contains fossils from over 77 species of shellfish.
It is a treasure house of fossils of marine life.
The Seogwipo Formation is 100 meters thick and two million years old.
It serves as a record of more than half of the total history of Jeju Island.
The formation was designated as a natural monument in 1968.
It's the first of its kind in Korea to be internationally recognized, indicating the extent of its academic value.

[Interview : Kang Sun-seok, Head
Jeju Geological Research Institute] "To get an idea of what the environment here was like a million years ago, visitors have to see the shell fossils in the Seogwipo Formation. It's an important site worldwide in the fields of geology and paleontology."

Most of the formation lies below the lava bed of the island of Jeju.
Only in the Seogwipo area does the formation protrude to the surface.
The site plays a key role in making Jeju's unique underground water reservoir.
One of the most popular tourist attractions on Jeju Island is Cheonjiyeon Waterfall, where the water pours down over a fantastic cliff with a thunderous roar.
The name "Cheonjiyeon" means "the pond where heaven and earth meet."
The waterfall is 22 meters in height and 12 meters wide.
Giant mottled eels inhabit the valley and wild elaeocarpus, or 'Dampalsu' , trees are also found in the area.
The whole valley, along with these two species, is being protected as a natural monument.

[Interview : Kang Sun-seok, Head
Jeju Geological Research Institute] "Cheonjiyeon Waterfall is near the coast. Now, the source of this waterfall is a spring that gushes out from the floor of the Somban Stream."

The Seogwipo Formation is involved in the making of an underground water reservoir and holds the key to understanding the birth of the island.
It has come to be recognized, both home and abroad, as a precious part of our natural heritage.
Heo Ji-yun, KCTV.
KOGL : Korea Open Government License
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