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South Korean President's Call for Declaration Ending Korean War: Analysis Updated: 2021-09-23 17:17:29 KST

President Moon Jae-in, who proposed the idea of ending the Korean War during a speech before the UN General Assembly in 2019, renewed his calls for the signatories to "come together and declare that the war on the Korean Peninsula is over in his fifth and final speech to the UNGA on Tuesday.

"Today, I once again urge the community of nations to mobilize its strengths for the end-of-war declaration on the Korean Peninsula and propose that three parties of the two Koreas and the US, or four parties of the two Koreas, the U.S. and China come together and declare that the War on the Korean Peninsula is over. When the parties involved in the Korean War stand together and proclaim an end to the war, I believe we can make irreversible progress in denuclearization and usher in an era of complete peace."

"Similarly, we seek serious and sustained diplomacy to pursue the complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula. We see concrete progress toward an available plan with tangible commitments that would increase stability on the peninsula and in the region, as well as improve the lives of the people in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea."

President Moon's daring proposal before the UN with 8 months left in office; how will the relevant parties named, the U.S., China and most importantly North Korea respond, if at all?

It's the topic of our News In-depth tonight with Dr. Go Myong-hyun, our senior North Korea analyst.

The two Koreas formally remain at war after their 1950-53 conflict ended in an armistice instead of a peace treaty.
The UN Command and China were also signatories in the armistice agreement, which was originally intended to facilitate a "final peaceful settlement."

This is the third time following his 2018 and 2020 speech that President Moon called for an official end to the Korean War during his U.N. General Assembly speech, proposing that three parties - the two Koreas and the U.S. - or four parties - the two Koreas, the US and China - come together and declare that the War on the Korean Peninsula is over.
Considering it's his fifth and final speech, were you expecting it at all?

He even went on to specify his proposal for which parties should be involved - either the two Koreas and the U.S. or the two Koreas, the U.S. and China. How realistic and feasible is this? We listened to Joe Biden's UN speech where he touched upon denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula. Number one, are the two presidents in tune?

The Pentagon just hours ago said the U.S. is open to discussing the possibility of formally ending the Korean War in an effort to achieve "the complete denuclearization of the peninsula." What's the Biden's administration's approach here? This is despite North Korea's missile launches in the last week and a half which included short-range ballistic missiles a clear violation of the UN Security Council resolutions.

What about China? How do we expect China do respond?

Most importantly, what about North Korea? How do you think North Korean leader Kim Jong-un was taking in President Moon's proposal as he watched the UN General Debate?

Meanwhile, North Korea disparaged the success of the testing of South Korea's SLBM last week, saying the technology was "elementary." South Korean government didn't react to this comment, which comes right after President Moon Jae-in's speech at the U.N. calling for peace and to officially declare the end of the Korean War. How can we interpret such reaction from the North?

By signing the Aukus pact last week, Australia revealed where it stands in the world: It is taking the side of the US over China.
It's a definitive move for a country in the Asia-Pacific region. Could South Korea feel pressured with this new security deal in place?

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