An interface of nuclear security and safety and addressing rising concerns over radiological security.
These are the two new issues to be raised when over 50 heads of state and international organizations gather for the 2nd Nuclear Security Summit in Seoul next month.
The 1st Washington Summit was part of a declaration phase, largely focused on understanding the threat of nuclear terrorism and introducing effective countermeasures.
Such measures include protecting nuclear materials and facilities from falling into the hands of terrorists, as well as preventing the illicit trafficking of nuclear materials.
The Fukushima nuclear meltdown in Japan last March focused the world's attention on ensuring safe use of nuclear energy and made it clear that nuclear accidents can be as disastrous as nuclear terrorism.
[INTERVIEW : Jun Bong-geun, Professor,Inst. of Foreign Affairs and Natl. Security] ''Nuclear safety emphasizes transparency means. But nuclear security just like any other security issues, they are aiming at controlling or keeping them in secret. (dissolve) That's why this summit is going to emphasize how we optimize this interface issues between nuclear safety and security.''
Last month, the participating nations also agreed on the need to reduce and minimize their nuclear stockpiles of highly enriched uranium and plutonium.
[INTERVIEW : Hahn Choong-hee, Spokesperson,2012 Seoul NSS Preparatory Secretariat,] ''In Seoul, we will encourage many countries to make a pledge on specific action like HEU minimization, HEU return, HEU convergence, as well as ratification of the two important conventions on nuclear security, and establishment of centers for excellence for training and increasing their contribution to IAEA's nuclear security fund.''
North Korea and Iran's nuclear activities, which is a nonproliferation issue, will not be included in the summit agenda.
But leaders are expected to raise concerns about the two rogue states, pressuring them to recommit to denuclearization.
Choi You-sun, Arirang News.