In less than 50 days, some 50 heads of state and leaders of four international organizations will gather here in Seoul to discuss a wide range of issues concerning the protection of nuclear materials and facilities at the 2nd Nuclear Security Summit.
In our last program, we had our news correspondent Kim Han-ul explain to us the importance of addressing nuclear security and how the first Nuclear Security Summit was launched in 2010 as part of U.S. President Barack Obama's four-year vision to secure all vulnerable nuclear materials around the world.
And today, our foreign ministry correspondent Choi You-sun joins us in the studio to take us through the key issues at the Seoul Summit and also what lies ahead in the post-Seoul Summit era.
Nice to have you with us, You-sun.
[Reporter : ] Good to be here.
Ji-hae, Sean, the 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit will be the largest international forum in the field of nuclear security.
A delegation from Interpol will also attend the summit this year, as border control and inter-state cooperation have become crucial in preventing terrorist networks from obtaining nuclear materials and weapons.
The first Washington Summit was more of a declaration phase, largely focusing on understanding the threat of nuclear terrorism and introducing effective countermeasures, including the protection of nuclear materials and facilities, as well as the prevention of illicit trafficking of nuclear materials.
In Seoul, two additional issues will be included in the final document, the Seoul communique, which is an interface of nuclear security and safety, and radiological security.
The Fukushima nuclear power plant meltdown in Japan last year alarmed the world about the importance of ensuring safe use of nuclear energy and that any radiological accident could be as disastrous as nuclear terrorism.
However, Professor Jun Bong-geun at the Institute of Foreign Affairs and National Security says global leaders should try to come up with an optimizing solution that deals with both the security and safety issues, which are complementary and could be conflicting at times.
[Interview : Jun Bong-geun, Professor
Inst. of Foreign Affairs and Natl. Security] "Nuclear safety emphasizes transparency means. But nuclear security just like any other security issues, they are aiming at controlling or keeping them in secret. That's why this summit is going to emphasize how we optimize this interface issues between nuclear safety and security."